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7.     Cost Centre & Cost Category in Tally.ERP 9

Did you know that Tally.ERP 9 can help you easily allocate costs to each of your organizational units (a department, an employee etc.) and effortlessly analyze the financial inflow or outflow of all these units?


Would it not be easier to make the decision for your business if you have the option to view the costs incurred on each of your business unit and how much profit each unit made? This is exactly what the ‘Cost Centre and Cost Category’ in Tally.ERP 9 can do for your business.


The cost centre in Tally.ERP 9 refers to an organizational unit to which costs or expenses can be allocated during transactions while the cost category is used to accumulate costs or profits for parallel sets of cost centres. For example, you can use cost centre to track expenses of each employee while cost category can be used to see the effectiveness of each project.


To use cost centre in Tally.ERP 9, let’s consider a ‘Sales department’ in an organization which has 4 different Salesmen. To record their expenses and incomes, let’s follow the steps below:



  Enabling Cost Centre and Cost Category


To do this:

  • Go to Gateway of Tally > F11: Features > F1:Accounting Features
  • Set ‘Maintain Cost Centres’ to ‘Yes’
  • Set ‘More than ONE Payroll/ Cost Category’ to ‘Yes’




Creating Cost Categories


 To group the salesmen under one Cost Category (one similar project):


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  • Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info. > Cost Categories > Select ‘Create’ under ‘Single Cost Centre’
  • Enter ‘Sales Project 1’ in ‘Name’ > Accept the screen


  Creating Cost Centres


Each salesman is considered as a cost centre, so to create these:





  • Go to Gateway of Tally> Accounts Info.> Cost Centres> Select ‘Create’ under Single Cost Centres
  • Select ‘Sales Project 1’ in ‘Category’
  • Enter ‘Salesman 1’ in Name and accept the screen

Similarly, you can create cost centres for other 3 salesmen.


Allocating Expenses to Cost Centres during Transaction


To allocate expenses to each cost centres while making payment for salesmen’s expense (for e.g. Conveyance):

  • Let’s create a ‘Conveyance’ ledger under ‘Indirect Expense’. Also note that ‘Cost Centre is enabled by default.

To pass the payment transaction:

  • Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > F5: Payment
  • Debit the ‘Conveyance’ ledger with the required amount
  • Press Enter to open ‘Cost Allocation’ screen
  • Select the ‘Sales Project 1’ in ‘Cost Category’
  • Allocate each Salesman with the amount as shown:





  • Complete the Payment Voucyher




Pre-Allocation of Costs


For faster entry you can pre-allocate cost centres by defining percentage in the Cost Centre Class. For example, if a salary of Rs.50, 000 is to be paid and distributed as 30% to Salesman 1, 25% to Salesman 2, 25% to Salesman 3 and 20% to Salesman 4. To do this:

  • Go to Gateway of Tally > F11: Accounting Features
  • Set 'Use Pre-defined Cost Centre Allocations during Entry' to 'Yes' > Press ‘Enter’






On the ‘Auto-Cost Allocation’ screen,



  • Enter the ‘Class Name’ and press ‘Enter’
  • Select the appropriate ‘Cost Category’ and enter the required percentage
  • Now, let’s use the ‘Cost Centre Class’ in a transaction for paying salary to the salesmen. To do this, let’s first create a ledger ‘Salary’ under ‘Direct Expense’ and allocate all the cost centres (salesmen). To pass the transaction:
  • Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > F5: Payment
  • Select ‘Salary’ in ‘Cost Centre/Classes’
  • Complete the Payment Voucher

To view the break-up of the cost centres allocation, open the same Payment Voucher in alteration mode as shown:






Cost Centre Reports


For faster identification and detailed analysis of how costs are allocated to your business units, Tally.ERP 9 provides reports to show complete details of all the cost centres and their related transactions in different ways. These reports are:


1. Category Summary

2. Cost Centre Break-up

3. Ledger Break-up

4. Group Break-up


For example, the ‘Cost Category Summary’ report is shown below:






To view these cost centre reports:

  • Go to Gateway of Tally > Display > Statements of Accounts > Cost Centres

Hence, no matter how many business units you have to handle and optimize your profit, the cost centre and cost category in Tally.ERP 9 can help you make faster decision for your business.



Tally.ERP 9 Reference Manual
Tally.ERP 9 Reference Manual LIBRARY
Installation of Tally.ERP9
Site Licensing of Tally.ERP9
Shortcut Keys in Tally.ERP9
Maintaining Company Data
Creating Masters
5a. Accounts Information [Creating Masters]
5b. Inventory Information [Creating Masters]
Voucher Entry
Reports in Tally.ERP9
Excise for Dealer
Excise for Manufacturer
Reports [ Excise for Manufacturer]
Excise for Importer
Service Tax in Tally.ERP9
Tax Collected at Source (TCS) in Tally.ERP9
Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) in Tally.ERP9
Value Added Tax (VAT) in Tally.ERP9
Central Sales Tax (CST) in Tally.ERP9
28. GST using Tally.ERP9
Tally.ERP 9 Help LIBRARY
Short Cut Keys Command in Tally.ERP9
Reorder Levels & Reorder Quantity
Price Lists in Tally.ERP 9
Point of Sale (POS) in Tally.ERP 9
Job Costing in Tally.ERP 9
Interest Calculations in Tally.ERP 9
Features (F11) of Tally.ERP 9
Configuratioin (F12) of Tally.ERP 9
Data Migration in Tally.ERP 9
Cost Categories and Cost Centers
Budgets in Tally.ERP 9
Advanced Inventory Features
Advanced Accounting Features
Self-Running Tutorial with Audio
F.A.Q. Knowledgebase in Tally.ERP 9
Sample Reports @ Tally.ERP 9
Tips on Tally.ERP 9
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