TallyERP9 Tutorial Part-24: Cost Centre and Cost Category

Cost Centre

A cost centre is any unit of an organisation to which transactions (generally, revenue) can be allocated. When only costs or expenses are allocated to these units, they are referred to as Cost Centres. 

Transactions are allocated to cost centres. This enables accounting all transactions for that particular cost centre.  You can view the cost centre break up of each transaction as well as the details of  transactions for each Cost Centre.

Tally.ERP9 Book (Advanced Usage) @ Rs.550
Tally.ERP9 Book (Advanced Usage) @ Rs.550

Some examples of Cost Centres are:

Examples of cost centres:

1.            Departments of an Organisation, e.g., Finance, Manufacturing, Marketing, etc.

2.            Products of a company, e.g., Tally ess 4.5, Tally eis 5.4,Tally 6.3, Tally ies 7.2 , Tally 9.0, Tally.ERP9 etc.

3.            Even individuals like, Salesman A, Salesman B, etc.

You can classify cost centres, just as you classify Group/Ledger accounts. You can have Primary Cost Centres and several levels of Cost Centres under each Primary Cost Centre.

Consider the following example.

  • Primary Cost Centres – Finance, Manufacturing, Marketing.
  • Under Marketing, classify the company’s sales executives (Salesman A, Salesman B, Salesman C) as Cost Centres.

This will help you track a sales executive’s performance, in terms of cost and revenue generated.

Allocate expenditure incurred on sales by the salesmen, as well as the sales generated by them, directly to their Cost Centres. The allocation is done at the time of voucher entry.

Cost Category

Cost categories are useful for organisations that require allocation of revenue and non-revenue items to parallel sets of cost centres means  a transaction to more than one set of cost centres.

For example,

>             Cost Centres such as Marketing, Finance and Manufacturing can now belong to a category – Departments.

>             The Salesmen A, B, and C can be Cost Centres under a Category – Executives.

Matrix is as shown below :

Cost Category ØBranchDepartmentManagerMob No.
Cost Center ØKolkataMarketingRegional Manager9437264738
 MumbaiAdministrationArea Manager9437264739
 DelhiAccountsSales Manager9437264740

1. Creating Cost Category and Cost Centre

Example : Allocate the Expenditure.

>> Paid Telephone / Telex / Fax Charges – Rs. 2,500 by Cash as per following Cost Centre & Cost Categories :-

BranchDepartmentManagerMob No.Allocation Amount
KolkataAccountsRegional94372647382500

>> Paid Travelling Expenses – Rs. 3,000 by Cash as per following Cost Centre & Cost Categories :-

BranchDepartmentDepartmentAllocation Amount
MumbaiMarketingMarketing3000

Solutions:

1.            Enable cost categories in F11 features to create and use cost categories & Cost Centres.

Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9

2.            Create following Cost Category

  • Branch
  • Department
  • Manger
  • Mob. No.

Go to Gateway of Tally Accounts Info. Cost Categories Create (under Multiple Cost Category ).

Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
  • Revenue Item : Items appears in Profit & Loss Accounts
  • Non-revenue item : Item appears in the Balance Sheet.

3.            Create following Cost Centres under their respective category.

Cost Category ØBranchDepartmentManagerMob No.
Cost Center ØKolkataMarketingRegional Manager9437264738
 MumbaiAdministrationArea Manager9437264739
 DelhiAccountsSales Manager9437264740

Go to Gateway of Tally Accounts Info. Cost Centres Create (under Multiple Cost Centres )

Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9

2. Applying Cost Centres to Ledger Accounts

To apply cost centres to ledger accounts,

For example, enable Cost Center for Payment ledger – Telephone / Telex / Fax Charges & Travelling Expenses.

Go to Gateway of Tally > Accounts Info > Ledgers > Create/Alter

Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9

3. Cost Centres Allocation in Voucher Entry

Enter the payment Voucher as per example…

Gateway of Tally > Accounting Vouchers > Payment Voucher (F5)

Cost Centre allocations have to be done in the pop-up sub-screens in the main voucher entry screen. The sub-screen is displayed after the amount fields pertaining to the ledger for which cost centers have been activated. Hence, the following is the sub-screen for the ledger Conveyance A/c.

Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9
Cost Centre and Cost Category in TallyERP9

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